|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial (annual), generally twining or trailing
Inflorescence: cyme or flowers solitary in axils; pedicels often with 2 bracts
Flower bisexual, radial; sepals 5, ± free, overlapping, persistent, often unequal; corolla generally showy, generally bell-shaped, ± shallowly 5-lobed, generally pleated and twisted in bud; stamens 5, epipetalous; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, ovules generally 2 per chamber, styles 12
Fruit: generally capsule
Genera in family: 50 genera, 1,000 species: warm temp to tropical; some cultivated as ornamental
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Cuscutaceae [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531553].
(Family description, key to genera by L.T. Dempster)
Perennial, subshrub from caudex or rhizome, glabrous to tomentose
Stem very short to high-climbing, generally twisting and twining
Leaf generally > 1 cm, linear to reniform, often sagittate to hastate, rarely deeply divided
Inflorescence: peduncle generally 1-flowered; bractlets small and remote from calyx to large and concealing calyx, sometimes lobed
Flower generally showy; corolla glabrous, white or yellow to pink or purple; ovary chamber 1 (septa generally incomplete), stigma lobes 2, generally swollen, cylindric or oblong, ± flattened
Fruit ± spheric, ± inflated
Seeds generally ± 4
Species in genus: ± 25 species: temp, worldwide
Etymology: (Greek: concealing calyx, from bractlets of some)
Reference: [Brummitt 1980 Kew Bull 35(2):327328]
Intergradation common; intermediate forms often difficult to identify. Appears similar to Convolvulus , but anatomy suggests that the 2 genera are not very closely related.
Perennial or subshrub from woody caudex, glabrous, often glaucous
Stem decumbent to strongly climbing, < 7 m
Leaf: blade generally 1.55 cm at midrib, triangular; lobes spreading, generally 23-tipped; sinus V-shaped or ± closed
Inflorescence: peduncle 15-flowered, generally >> subtending leaf; bractlets attached 316 mm below calyx, generally not overlapping it, 216 mm, 0.41.5 mm wide, generally linear
Flower: sepals 714 mm; corolla 2352 mm, white or cream to purple (often ± purple-striped)
Ecology: Chaparral, coastal scrub
Elevation: < 300 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Outer North Coast Ranges, Great Central Valley (Sutter Buttes), Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, Outer South Coast Ranges, n South Coast, w Western Transverse Ranges.Sspp. intergrade.
Stem trailing or weakly climbing, < 1 m
Leaf ovate-triangular to reniform; sinus generally ± closed; tip generally notched to rounded; lobes rounded; margin ± wavy
Inflorescence: bractlets often ± alternate, generally lobed ± like leaves
Ecology: Rocky coastal scrub
Elevation: < 100 m.
Bioregional distribution: s&c North Coast, n Central Coast (Brooks Island, Contra Costa Co.), n San Francisco Bay Area
Synonyms: Convolvulus occidentalis var. s. (Eastw.) J.T. Howell
Horticultural information: 17.