Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



James P. Smith, Jr., except as specified

Annual to bamboo-like; roots generally fibrous
Stem generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base
Inflorescence various (of generally many spikelets)
Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1–many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally ± transparent, ± enclosed by lemma
Flower generally bisexual, minute; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose
Fruit: achene-like grain
Genera in family: 650–900 genera; ± 10,000 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1951 Manual grasses US, USDA Misc Publ 200; Clayton & Renvoise 1986 Kew Bull Add Series 13]
See Glossary p. 26 for illustrations of general family characteristics. Generally wind-pollinated.



Dieter H. Wilken and Elizabeth L. Painter

Annual to perennial herb
Leaves basal and cauline; sheath closed, generally hairy; ligule generally < 5 mm, membranous, entire to fringed; blade flat to inrolled
Inflorescence generally panicle-like, open to dense; spikelet stalk generally stiff, rigid
Spikelet strongly compressed to cylindric; axis breaking above glumes and between florets; glumes unequal, generally < lower floret, lower generally 1–3-veined, upper 3–7-veined, back rounded to keeled, tip acute; lemmas faintly 5–9-veined, tip generally 2-toothed, short-pointed to straight-awned from between teeth; palea generally < lemma
Species in genus: ± 150 species: temp worldwide
Etymology: (Greek: ancient name)
Reference: [Stebbins 1947 Contr Gray Herb 165:42–55; Wagnon 1952 Brittonia 7:415–480]
Native species need careful study.


B. carinatus Hook. & Arn.


Perennial 45–150 cm, sometimes flowering first yr
Leaf: sheath glabrous to soft-hairy; blade 3–12 mm wide, glabrous, scabrous, or soft-hairy
Inflorescence 5–20 cm, ± dense, generally becoming open in fruit; lowest branches generally spreading to ascending; upper branches ascending to erect
Spikelet strongly compressed; glumes keel-like, glabrous to short-soft-hairy, lower 6.5–12 mm, generally 3-veined, upper 9–15 mm, 5–7(9)-veined; florets 7–11; lemma body 12–17 mm, 7–9-veined, keel-like, glabrous to densely short-hairy, awn 3–15 mm
Chromosomes: 2n=56
Ecology: Open scrub, woodland, coniferous forest
Elevation: < 3500 m.
Bioregional distribution: California (except Great Central Valley, Sonoran Desert)
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, Texas, n Mexico
Plants generally self-pollinating, florets often cleistogamous; forms formerly recognized as species widespread, often occurring together.


var. carinatus

Inflorescence: spikelets not crowded or overlapping; branches and stalks generally > spikelets
Ecology: Habitat and range of sp
Bioregional distribution: California (except Great Central Valley, Sonoran Desert)
Flowering time: Apr–Aug
Synonyms: B. breviaristatus Buckley; B. marginatus Steudel; B. polyanthus Scribner, Great Basin brome
Plants from NCo with leaf blade generally > 10 mm wide, spikelets 1–2 per branch, may be B. sitchensis Trin
Horticultural information: STBL; CVS.

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for BROMUS%20carinatus%20var.%20carinatus being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Bromus carinatus var. carinatus
Retrieve dichotomous key for Bromus
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page

University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California