Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Lawrence R. Heckard, Family Coordinator

Annual to shrubs, generally glandular, some green root-parasites
Stem generally round
Leaves generally alternate, simple, generally ± entire; stipules generally 0
Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed); stamens generally 4 in 2 pairs, generally included, a 5th (generally uppermost) sometimes present as a staminode; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2
Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal
Seed: coat sculpture often characteristic
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 3000 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Antirrhinum, Mimulus, Penstemon ) or medicinal (Digitalis )
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include only Buddleja, Scrophularia, and Verbascum in CA; other genera moved to Orobanchaceae (Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Mimulus), and Plantaginaceae (= Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al.)
Key to genera by Elizabeth Chase Neese & Margriet Wetherwax.



John L. Strother

Annual, ± perennial herb
Stem prostrate to erect, generally < 6 dm
Leaves cauline, opposite, generally < 4 cm, generally narrowly ± obovate to ± round
Inflorescence: flowers 1–3 per leaf axil, sessile or pedicelled
Flower: sepals 4–5; corolla (3–)5-lobed, generally white to pink, throat yellow; stamens (2–)4(–5); ovary subtended by nectary, stigma weakly 2-lobed
Fruit: capsule, spheric, loculicidal or septicidal
Seeds > 30, 0.1–0.3 mm
Species in genus: ± 100 species: tropical, warm temp
Etymology: (Presumed to be aboriginal name)
Reference: [Barrett & Strother 1978 Syst Bot 3:408–419]


B. repens (Sw.) Wettst.

Stem prostrate to ascending
Leaf 10–23 mm, generally obovate; veins > 6, palmate
Inflorescence: pedicel 0–25 mm, very slender; bractlets 0
Flower: sepals 4(5), outer 2.2–4.6 mm, narrowly ovate to elliptic, generally ciliate
Chromosomes: 2n=28
Ecology: Agricultural weed, wet soil or floating
Elevation: < 100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sacramento Valley (Butte Co.)
Distribution outside California: Mexico, Caribbean, C.America, S.America; probably native to Caribbean, C.America, or both

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