Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

CHENOPODIACEAE

GOOSEFOOT FAMILY

Dieter H. Wilken, except as specified

Annual to tree, sometimes monoecious or dioecious, glandular or with bead-like hairs that collapse with age, becoming scaly or powdery
Stem often fleshy
Leaves generally alternate, entire to lobed; veins generally pinnate
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, catkin-like, or spheric cluster, or flower 1; bracts 0–few
Flower: sepals 1–5, often 0 in pistillate flowers, free or fused, generally persistent in fruit; petals 0; stamens 0–5; ovary generally superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, styles 1–3
Fruit: generally utricle
Seed 1, vertical (fruit compressed side-to-side) or horizontal (fruit compressed top-to-bottom)
Genera in family: 100 genera, 1300 species: worldwide, especially deserts, saline or alkaline soils; some cultivated for food (Beta , beets, chard; Chenopodium , quinoa)
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated in expanded Amaranthaceae

ATRIPLEX

SALTBUSH

Dean Taylor and Dieter H. Wilken

Annual (generally monoecious) to shrub (generally dioecious), often scaly
Leaves generally alternate, generally entire; lower generally ± short-petioled; upper generally sessile, ± reduced
Staminate inflorescence: spike or spheric cluster; bracts 0
Pistillate inflorescence: clusters to spike- or panicle-like; bracts 2 per fruit, free to fused, generally compressed, generally sessile
Staminate flower: calyx lobes 3–5; stamens 3–5
Pistillate flower: calyx ± 0; ovary ovoid to spheric, style branches 2
Seed generally erect
Species in genus: ± 250 species: temp to subtropical worldwide
Etymology: (Latin: ancient name)
Generally in alkaline or saline soils; some weedy; some accumulate selenium.

Native

A. fruticulosa Jeps.

Perennial < 5 dm, monoecious
Stem generally simple below; branches many, ± decumbent to erect, scaly, becoming glabrous
Leaf: blade 5–12(20) mm, narrowly lanceolate to elliptic, densely gray-scaly
Pistillate inflorescence: bracts in fruit 3–5 mm, fused to middle or above, widely obovate to subspheric, ± hard, smooth to few-tubercled below middle, margin irregularly dentate to sharply tubercled
Seed ± 1.5 mm
Ecology: Clay or alkaline soils, open sites, scrub
Elevation: < 700 m.
Bioregional distribution: Tehachapi Mountain Area, s Sacramento Valley, San Joaquin Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Inner South Coast Ranges, w Mojave Desert
Flowering time: Apr–Nov
Horticultural information: TRY.

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