Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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ASTERACEAE

SUNFLOWER FAMILY

David J. Keil, Family Editor and author, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1–many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1–many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4–5; stamens 4–5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):1–28. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.

ARTEMISIA

SAGEBRUSH

Leila M. Shultz

Annual to shrubs, generally aromatic
Leaves entire to ± lobed, glabrous to densely hairy; hairs glandular (resin-filled) or T-shaped, hollow
Inflorescence: generally panicle; heads generally discoid or disciform, in racemes or panicles; involucre ovoid to hemispheric, generally concealing flowers; phyllaries in several series, margins scarious; receptacle conic, generally naked
Pistillate flowers 0–many; corollas generally < 2 mm
Disk flowers 4–many, generally forming fruits, sometimes staminate; corollas < 2 mm, pale yellow; anther tips acute to awl-shaped; style branches flat, fringed or blunt (sometimes simple, tack-shaped in staminate flowers)
Fruit < 2 mm, obovoid or fusiform, ribbed or smooth, glabrous, hairy, or resinous; pappus generally 0 or minute crown
Species in genus: ± 300 species: especially n hemisphere
Etymology: (Greek: Artemis, goddess of the hunt, and noted herbalist, Queen of Anatolia)
Reference: [Keck 1946 Proc Calif Acad Sci (4)25:421–468; Shultz 1983 PhD thesis Claremont Graduate School]

Native

A. douglasiana Besser

MUGWORT

Perennial 5–25 dm, from rhizome
Stems many, erect, brown to gray-green
Leaves evenly spaced, 1–11(15) cm, narrowly elliptic to widely oblanceolate, entire or coarsely 3–5-lobed near tip, sparsely tomentose above, densely white-tomentose below
Inflorescence 10–30 cm, 3–9 cm wide, leafy; branches widely spreading; heads 2–4 mm diam, bell-shaped, generally nodding; phyllaries ± widely (ob)ovate, gray-tomentose, margins wide, transparent
Pistillate flowers 6–9
Disk flowers 9–25, staminate
Fruit < 1 mm, glabrous
Chromosomes: 2n=18,36,54
Ecology: Common. Open to shady places, often in drainages
Elevation: < 2200 m.
Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province (except Channel Islands, Peninsular Ranges), n East of Sierra Nevada
Distribution outside California: to Washington, Idaho, Baja California
Flowering time: Jun–Oct
Horticultural information: 4, 5, 6, 17 &IRR: 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; may be INV; STBL.

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bioregional map for ARTEMISIA%20douglasiana being generated
 
N.B. The distribution depicted here differs from that given in The Jepson Manual (1993)
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Artemisia douglasiana
Retrieve dichotomous key for Artemisia
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