|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to small tree; sap often colored, often milky
Leaves basal, cauline, or both, generally toothed, lobed, or dissected; cauline generally alternate; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, or panicle (terminal), or flower solitary
Flower bisexual, generally radial; sepals 24, sometimes shed ± at flower; petals generally 4 or 6 (or more), sometimes in 2 unlike pairs; stamens 4many; ovary generally 1, superior, chamber generally 1, stigma lobes 0many, ovules 1many
Fruit: generally capsule, dehiscent by valves or pores, generally septicidal
Genera in family: 40 genera, 400 sp.: n temp, n tropical, s Africa; some cultivated (Papaver, Dicentra, Eschscholzia ). Petal length includes any spur or pouch. Hunnemannia fumariifolia Sweet (Eschscholzia-like garden per with free sepals) an uncommon waif in CA. Corydalis, Dicentra, Fumaria formerly treated in Fumariaceae.
Perennial; hairs generally ± 515 mm; taproot stout; sap colorless
Leaves generally basal, obovate or wedge-shaped; teeth rounded
Inflorescence: flowers solitary, terminal
Flower: bud nodding; sepals 23, long-hairy; petals 4 or 6, free, obovate, white or yellow, generally persistent after pollination; stamens many, free; placentas 36, style 1, stigma lobes 36
Fruit ovate to oblong, dehiscent from tip
Seeds few, oblong, wrinkled, black
Species in genus: 3 species: sw US
Etymology: (Greek: bear poppy, from long hairs)
Perennial 25 dmSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaf 2575 cm
Flower: sepals 1520 mm; petals 2540 mm, white
Fruit 2535 mm
Seeds 1.52 mm
Ecology: Rocky slopes
Elevation: 9001400 m.
Bioregional distribution: ne Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: s Nevada
Flowering time: AprMay
A. californica Torr. & Frémont (petals yellow) in sw NV, undocumented in CA.