|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from spheric, fibrous-coated corm
Leaves basal, linear, channeled
Inflorescence umbel-like, scapose, straight; bracts papery; pedicels unjointed, erect
Flower: perianth segments 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, tube funnel-shaped, lobes narrowly oblong; stamens 6, filaments fused into a crown-like tube with toothed lobes between anthers, anthers attached near middle; ovary superior, sessile, chambers 3, style persistent
Fruit: capsule, subspheric, obtusely 3-angled, loculicidal
Seeds several per chamber, flat, black
Species in genus: 3 species: sw US
Etymology: (Greek: stamen crown, from fused filaments)
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaf 1030 cm, 2 mm wide, scabrous
Inflorescence 1030 cm, scabrous near base; bracts lanceolate; pedicels 1530 mm; flowers 312
Flower: perianth white to light violet drying yellow-brown, tube 57 mm, lobes 1014 mm; filaments 810 mm, tube ± funnel-shaped, appendages ± 2 mm, anthers ± 3 mm
Fruit 1015 mm, deeply 3-lobed
Ecology: Open desert scrub
Elevation: 7001600 m.
Bioregional distribution: e Desert
Distribution outside California: to w Colorado
Documentation of occurrence in CA needed.