Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Robert W. Patterson, Family Editor

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine
Leaves simple or compound, cauline (or most in basal rosette), alternate or opposite; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cymes, heads, or flowers solitary
Flower: calyx generally 5-ribbed, ribs often connected by translucent membranes that are generally torn by growing fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at same or different levels, filaments of same or different lengths, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: capsule
Seeds 1–many, gelatinous or not when wet
Genera in family: 19 genera, 320 species: Am, n Eur, n Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox )
Recent taxonomic note: *See also revised taxonomy of Porter and Johnson 2000 Aliso 19(1):55–91; Porter 1998 Aliso 17:83–85


Alva G. Day

Annual, hairy, ± glandular; glands minute
Stem erect, leafy, generally branched
Leaves alternate, dark green, generally deeply pinnately lobed, ± palmately lobed upward; lobes linear to lanceolate, blunt-tipped, central lobe widest
Inflorescence: flowers generally in clusters
Flower: calyx lobes blunt-tipped, tube narrowly membranous between ribs, ribs translucent below in fruit, membrane splitting; corolla funnel-shaped, radial or bilateral, throat narrow, tapered, lobes narrowly obovate; stamens attached in tube; stigmas 3
Fruit spheric, < calyx; valves generally falling
Seeds 1–3 per chamber, concave, black or brown, gelatinous when wet; ends rounded
Species in genus: 4 species: w North America
Etymology: (Greek: other leaf)
Reference: [Grant & Grant 1955 El Aliso 3:93–110]


A. gilioides (Benth.) A.D. Grant & V.E. Grant

Stem < 40 cm, puberulent; hairs gland-tipped in inflorescence
Leaf: lobes 0–11, linear to narrowly lanceolate
Inflorescence open or dense; flowers 2–8 in clusters
Flower: corolla < 10 mm, dark blue-purple, lobes 1–3 mm; stamens nearly equal, included to slightly exserted; style included
Seeds 1 per chamber, black
Ecology: Open, sandy, generally damp or grassy areas
Elevation: 200–2900 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges, n East of Sierra Nevada, Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: s Oregon, w Nevada, Arizona, Baja California


subsp. violaceum (A. Heller) A.G. Day

Stem generally ± 15 cm, slender
Leaves ± cauline, entire or 3–7-lobed; lobes 0.5–3 mm wide
Inflorescence open; flowers solitary or 2–3 in clusters; pedicels generally elongating in fruit
Flower: corolla 5–8 mm
Ecology: Habitat and range of sp. (except not in CaR, OR)
Elevation: 1200–2900 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges, n East of Sierra Nevada, Desert Mountains
Flowering time: May–Jul
Recent taxonomic note: *A. violaceum (A. Heller) A.D. Grant & V.E. Grant

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bioregional map for ALLOPHYLLUM%20gilioides%20subsp.%20violaceum being generated

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