Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Charles E. Turner

Annual, perennial herb from corms, stolons, rhizomes, or tubers, aquatic (± emergent or on mud), generally bisexual; roots fibrous
Stem: caudex short
Leaves: basal, simple, palmately veined, sometimes floating; submersed blades generally linear to ovate; emergent blades linear to sagittate
Inflorescence generally scapose, umbel- to panicle-like; flowers whorled, in interrupted clusters
Flowers bisexual or unisexual, radial; sepals 3, generally green, generally persistent; petals 3, generally > sepals, white or pink; stamens 6–many; pistils 6–many, generally simple
Fruit: achene, generally compressed, beaked
Genera in family: ± 12 genera, 75–100 species: especially n hemisphere
Reference: [Rogers 1983 J Arnold Arbor 64: 383–420]



Perennial; caudex generally corm-like
Leaf: blade linear to ovate, tapered to base or petioled
Inflorescence: peduncle generally smooth; pedicels < 45 mm in fruit
Flower bisexual; receptacle generally flat; sepals generally 1–4 mm; petals ± entire to slightly cut, white or pink; stamens generally 6; pistils many, free, in 1 whorl
Fruit: body generally 1.5–3 mm, erect, generally strongly compressed, lateral walls opaque to translucent, back thin-ridged; beak < body, generally lateral
Species in genus: ± 9 species: generally n temp
Etymology: (Greek: ancient name)
Reference: [Bjorkqvist 1968 Opera Bot 19:1–138]
North America species need careful study.


A. plantago-aquatica L.

Leaf 7–45 cm; blade 5.5–15 cm, 1.5–10 cm wide, lanceolate to ovate, base truncate to slightly lobed
Inflorescence generally >> leaves; pedicels generally ascending to erect
Flower: petals generally white; style ± straight, erect
Fruit: lateral walls generally thick, opaque
Chromosomes: 2n=14,28
Ecology: Ponds
Elevation: < 1600 m.
Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province
Distribution outside California: to Canada, se US, Eurasia, e Africa, perhaps also Australia
Synonyms: A. triviale Pursh; A. subcordatum Raf
Horticultural information: WET, fresh water margins and mud, SUN: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.

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