Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Ronald L. Hartman (except Silene)

Annual, biennial, perennial herb, rarely dioecious, taprooted or rhizome generally slender
Leaves simple, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0; blade entire, sheath generally 0
Inflorescence: cyme, generally open; flowers few–many or flower solitary and axillary; involucre generally 0
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium sometimes present; sepals generally 5, ± free or fused into a tube, tube generally herbaceous between lobes or teeth; awns generally 0; petals generally 5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, blade expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, blade generally without scale-like appendages (inner surface), generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries generally 0; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 or 1 and 2–3-branched
Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely modified, dehiscent), generally sessile
Seeds: appendage generally 0
Genera in family: 85 genera, 2400 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temp, n hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria ).



Annual, biennial, erect, taprooted
Leaf: blade linear to narrowly lanceolate; vein 1 or lateral pair obscure
Inflorescence: cyme, terminal; flowers 1–few; peduncle and pedicels 4–20+ cm
Flower: sepals 5, fused, hairs long, ascending and appressed, tube prominent, 9–15 mm, 7–12 mm diam, ovoid to widely cylindric, round in X -section, strongly 10-ribbed, lobes generally 15–50 mm, > tube, widely linear; petals 5, 24–36 mm, claw long, blade entire or notched; styles 5, 12–15 mm
Fruit: capsule, ovoid; teeth 5, ascending
Seeds many, black
Species in genus: 2 species: Medit Eur
Etymology: (Greek: field garland)


A. githago L.

Plant 30–90+ cm; hairs dense, long, silky, ± appressed
Stem simple or sparingly branched above
Leaf 5–15 cm
Inflorescence leafy
Flower: calyx lobes green; petals exserted 10–20 mm, obovate, rounded to truncate, purplish red; stamens exserted 8–10 mm
Seed 3–3.5 mm, widely ovate; tubercles thin, triangular
Chromosomes: 2n=48
Ecology: Disturbed areas
Elevation: < 1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Inner North Coast Ranges, n Sierra Nevada, Sacramento Valley, South Coast
Distribution outside California: native to s Europe

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