|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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Annual to bamboo-like; roots generally fibrous
Stem generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base
Inflorescence various (of generally many spikelets)
Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally ± transparent, ± enclosed by lemma
Flower generally bisexual, minute; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose
Fruit: achene-like grain
Genera in family: 650900 genera; ± 10,000 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1951 Manual grasses US, USDA Misc Publ 200; Clayton & Renvoise 1986 Kew Bull Add Series 13]
See Glossary p. 26 for illustrations of general family characteristics. Generally wind-pollinated.
Stem generally erect
Leaf: ligule membranous, sometimes long-ciliate, blade generally flat
Inflorescence panicle-like, generally narrow; branches generally ascending
Spikelet: glumes > floret (except awn), tapered below midpoint; axis breaking above glumes; floret 1, generally cylindric; callus blunt or sharp, hairs stiff; lemma stiffly membranous to hard, evenly hairy or glabrous above, awned from tip; awn > 10 mm, persistent, with 12 bends, or < 10 mm, readily deciduous, ± straight; palea < lemma, hairy, veined
Species in genus: ± 75 species: temp worldwide
Etymology: (Greek: awned scale, from lemma)
Segregated mostly from Stipa ; see also Hesperostipa, Nassella.
Stem 15 dm
Leaf: blade 0.51 mm wide
Inflorescence 4.520 cm; branches appressed
Spikelet: glumes 711 mm, ± equal; floret 3.55.5 mm; callus blunt to sharp; lemma 11.5 X palea length, hairs at midlength 1.53.5 mm, at tip < 5 mm, awn 1325 mm, bent twice
Ecology: Rocky soil, pinyon/juniper woodland, coniferous forest
Elevation: 19003810 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sierra Nevada, White and Inyo Mountains, Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Idaho, New Mexico
Flowering time: JunAug
Synonyms: Stipa p. M.E. Jones
Horticultural information: TRY.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|