Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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POACEAE

GRASS FAMILY

James P. Smith, Jr., except as specified

Annual to bamboo-like; roots generally fibrous
Stem generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base
Inflorescence various (of generally many spikelets)
Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1–many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally ± transparent, ± enclosed by lemma
Flower generally bisexual, minute; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose
Fruit: achene-like grain
Genera in family: 650–900 genera; ± 10,000 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1951 Manual grasses US, USDA Misc Publ 200; Clayton & Renvoise 1986 Kew Bull Add Series 13]
See Glossary p. 26 for illustrations of general family characteristics. Generally wind-pollinated.

POA

BLUEGRASS

Robert J. Soreng

Annual, perennial herb, some ± dioecious
Stem 0.3–12 dm
Leaf: sheath open to closed (best observed on upper stem leaf); ligule thin, flexible; blade grooved above on both sides of midvein, flat, folded, or inrolled, generally smooth or scabrous on veins, generally prow-tipped
Inflorescence panicle-like; branches appressed to drooping
Spikelet generally compressed, breaking between florets; glumes 2, similar, generally < lowest lemma, awnless; florets generally 2–6; callus indistinct, often with obvious tuft of long cobwebby hairs; lemma generally keeled to base, of same texture as glumes, awnless, veins generally 5, ± converging near tip; palea well developed, keels generally scabrous; fertile anthers 0.2–4.5 mm; ovary glabrous
Species in genus: ± 500 species: temp and cool regions
Etymology: (Greek: ancient name)
Reference: [Soreng 1991 Syst Bot 16:507–528]
CA is center of diversity in North America. Spikelet features best observed on lowest florets of spikelet.

Native

P. kelloggii Vasey

Perennial from long rhizomes, 2.5–8.5 dm
Leaf: sheath open to near base; ligule 1–4 mm, finely scabrous, truncate to obtuse; blade 2–5 mm wide, soft, generally flat
Inflorescence 10–20 cm, ovate to triangular, open, sparse; branches ascending in flower, ± drooping in fruit, scabrous, with spikelets only in tip 1/3
Spikelet: callus cobwebby; lemma 4–5 mm, glabrous
Flower: anthers ± 2 mm
Chromosomes: 2n=56
Ecology: Shady openings in mixed-conifer and redwood forests
Elevation: < 500 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, n Central Coast
Distribution outside California: ?sw Oregon
Fls spring
Horticultural information: TRY.

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bioregional map for POA%20kelloggii being generated
 
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Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Poa kelloggii
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