Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



James P. Smith, Jr., except as specified

Annual to bamboo-like; roots generally fibrous
Stem generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base
Inflorescence various (of generally many spikelets)
Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1–many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally ± transparent, ± enclosed by lemma
Flower generally bisexual, minute; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose
Fruit: achene-like grain
Genera in family: 650–900 genera; ± 10,000 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1951 Manual grasses US, USDA Misc Publ 200; Clayton & Renvoise 1986 Kew Bull Add Series 13]
See Glossary p. 26 for illustrations of general family characteristics. Generally wind-pollinated.


Thomas Worley

Stem decumbent to erect, 5–45 cm, branched, glabrous; nodes generally purple
Leaf: sheath 1–6 cm; ligule ± 1.5 mm, membranous; blade flat to ± inrolled, ribbed, upper surface scabrous
Inflorescence spike-like, 3–18 cm, rigid, cylindric, straight to strongly curved, breaking at nodes; spikelets alternate, 2-ranked, appressed, embedded in axis, falling with axis segment
Spikelet: glumes 2, edge-to-edge or slightly overlapping, 4–7 mm, lanceolate, keel to 1 side near base or obscure, margin translucent, ± enclosing floret, 5-veined; florets 1–2, bisexual; lemma 3.5–5.5 mm, translucent, 3-veined; palea ± = lemma, translucent
Fruit ± 3.5 mm
Species in genus: 5 species: native to Eur
Etymology: (Greek: scales beside, from glume orientation)
See Hainardia.

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for PARAPHOLIS being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Parapholis
Retrieve dichotomous key for Parapholis
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page

University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California