Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



James P. Smith, Jr., except as specified

Annual to bamboo-like; roots generally fibrous
Stem generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base
Inflorescence various (of generally many spikelets)
Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1–many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally ± transparent, ± enclosed by lemma
Flower generally bisexual, minute; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose
Fruit: achene-like grain
Genera in family: 650–900 genera; ± 10,000 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1951 Manual grasses US, USDA Misc Publ 200; Clayton & Renvoise 1986 Kew Bull Add Series 13]
See Glossary p. 26 for illustrations of general family characteristics. Generally wind-pollinated.


Mary E. Barkworth

Perennial, generally from rhizomes
Leaf: ligule membranous; blade flat or rolled, strongly ribbed above, glabrous or hairy
Inflorescence generally spike-like (panicle-like in L. condensatus), dense, generally > upper cauline leaves; some nodes with 2+, generally sessile spikelets
Spikelet: glumes < spikelet, lanceolate, membranous, flexible or narrowly lanceolate to awl-like, stiff; axis breaking above glumes and between florets; florets 2–7; lemma acute to short-awned; palea < lemma; anthers 2.5–7 mm
Species in genus: 31 species: North America., Eurasia
Etymology: (Anagram of Elymus)
Reference: [Barkworth & Atkins 1984 Amer J Bot 71:609–625]
Some species important in revegetation, often on saline soils. Sometimes treated in Elymus.


L. salinus (M.E. Jones) Á. Löve subsp. mojavensis Barkworth & R.J. Atkins

Plant cespitose
Stem 4–14 dm, generally glabrous
Leaf: ligule 0.5–1 mm; blade 1–5 mm wide, upper surface evenly hairy
Inflorescence 4–14 cm; spikelets generally 1 at lower, upper nodes, 2 at central nodes
Spikelet: glumes 0 or < 13 mm, awl-like; lemma 7–13 mm, generally glabrous, acute or awn-tipped, awn < 2.5 mm
Ecology: Hillsides
Elevation: 1350–2000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Idaho, w Colorado, n Arizona
Flowering time: May–Jun
Synonyms: Elymus s. M.E. Jones
Other subsp. Great Basin
Horticultural information: TRY.

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