Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



James P. Smith, Jr., except as specified

Annual to bamboo-like; roots generally fibrous
Stem generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base
Inflorescence various (of generally many spikelets)
Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1–many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally ± transparent, ± enclosed by lemma
Flower generally bisexual, minute; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose
Fruit: achene-like grain
Genera in family: 650–900 genera; ± 10,000 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1951 Manual grasses US, USDA Misc Publ 200; Clayton & Renvoise 1986 Kew Bull Add Series 13]
See Glossary p. 26 for illustrations of general family characteristics. Generally wind-pollinated.



Lynn G. Clark

Species in genus: 1 sp.: native to Medit, naturalized in similar climates worldwide
Etymology: (J.B. Lamarck, French botanist, 1744–1829)


L. aurea (L.) Moench

Annual, cespitose, glabrous
Stem generally erect, 7–40 cm
Leaves cauline, ± evenly distributed; ligule 3–7 mm, membranous, glabrous, tip ± irregularly cut; blade 2.5–9 cm, 2.5–7 mm wide, flat
Inflorescence panicle-like, terminal, 2–8 cm, dense, golden yellow to purplish; axis short-white-hairy in branch axils; spikelets short-stalked, with 1 fertile and 1–3 sterile spikelets in spreading to drooping clusters, each cluster generally falling as 1 unit
Fertile spikelet: glumes 2.5–4 mm, ± equal, generally = spikelet; florets 2; lower floret fertile, 2.5–3 mm, lemma awned from near tip, awn 6–7 mm, straight; upper floret sterile, ± 0.5 mm, awn 4–5 mm
Sterile spikelet 6–9 mm, >> glumes, linear; glumes > lower floret; florets 5–8; lemmas ± overlapping, 1.5–2 mm, obtuse, tip ± fringed, awn 0 (stalk base sometimes with a reduced, sterile spikelet that is like the fertile in size and shape)
Chromosomes: n=7
Ecology: Open ground, moist seeps, rocky hillsides, sandy soil
Elevation: < 660 m.
Bioregional distribution: California
Distribution outside California: Arizona; native to Mediterranean
Flowering time: Feb–May
Somewhat weedy

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for LAMARCKIA%20aurea being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Lamarckia aurea
Retrieve dichotomous key for Lamarckia
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page

University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California