|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to bamboo-like; roots generally fibrous
Stem generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base
Inflorescence various (of generally many spikelets)
Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally ± transparent, ± enclosed by lemma
Flower generally bisexual, minute; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose
Fruit: achene-like grain
Genera in family: 650900 genera; ± 10,000 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1951 Manual grasses US, USDA Misc Publ 200; Clayton & Renvoise 1986 Kew Bull Add Series 13]
See Glossary p. 26 for illustrations of general family characteristics. Generally wind-pollinated.
Stem erect, unbranched
Leaf: blade upper surface conspicuously ridged, generally inrolled
Inflorescence panicle-like, narrow
Spikelet: glumes tapered from near base to acute tip, awn 0; axis breaking above glumes; floret 1, 725 mm, narrowly cylindric; callus 25 mm, sharp, densely stiff-hairy; lemma hard, margins overlapping at maturity, upper portion fused, awn 6.518 cm, bent twice, lower segments twisted, last segment not twisted; palea = lemma, hard, 2-veined, veins terminating at tip
Species in genus: 4 species: North America
Etymology: (Greek: western stipa)
Segregated from Stipa ; most closely related to Piptochaetium, Nassella.
Stem 111 dm
Inflorescence 1028 cm
Spikelet: lower glume 1835 mm, upper 13 mm shorter; floret 713 mm; lemma evenly hairy, hairs ± 1 mm, white; awn 65195 mm
Ecology: Well-drained soils
Elevation: 2003500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sierra Nevada, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges, Great Basin Floristic Province, Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Yukon, Great Plains, Mexico
Synonyms: Stipa c. Trin. & Rupr.
Spikelet: awn 75195 mm, distal segment wavy or curly
Ecology: Grassland, sagebrush scrub
Elevation: 2003500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sierra Nevada, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges, Great Basin Floristic Province, Desert Mountains, introduced elsewhere
Distribution outside California: to Yukon, c US, Mexico
Flowering time: JunJul
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN: 1, 2, 15, 16, 17 &IRR: 3, 7, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; also STBL.