|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Annual to bamboo-like; roots generally fibrous
Stem generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base
Inflorescence various (of generally many spikelets)
Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally ± transparent, ± enclosed by lemma
Flower generally bisexual, minute; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose
Fruit: achene-like grain
Genera in family: 650900 genera; ± 10,000 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1951 Manual grasses US, USDA Misc Publ 200; Clayton & Renvoise 1986 Kew Bull Add Series 13]
See Glossary p. 26 for illustrations of general family characteristics. Generally wind-pollinated.
Annual, perennial herb
Stems erect, solitary to densely clumped
Leaves basal to cauline; ligule narrow, decurrent to sheath, glabrous to minutely hairy; blades flat to inrolled
Inflorescence panicle- to spike-like, open to narrow
Spikelet: glumes and lemmas shiny; glumes equal to ± subequal, > lower floret; axis prolonged beyond upper floret, bristly (sometimes with vestigial floret at tip); florets 13, bisexual, breaking above glumes and between florets; callus soft-hairy; lemmas rounded, 24-toothed at truncate tip, faintly 37-veined, awned at or below middle, awn straight to bent; palea ± = lemma
Species in genus: 3040 species: temp Am, Eurasia, New Zealand, Antarctica
Etymology: (J. L-Deslongchamps, France, born 1774)
Stems densely clumped, 210 dm
Leaves generally basal, tufted, glabrous to scabrous; ligule 38 mm, acute to obtuse, entire to toothed at tip; blades generally 820 cm, 14 mm wide, flat to inrolled
Inflorescence narrow to open; lower branches erect to drooping
Spikelet: glumes and tips of lemmas purplish; glumes 37 mm, ± subequal, lanceolate, acute, lower 1-veined, upper 3-veined; florets generally 2; callus hairs generally < 1/3 lemma length; lemmas 24 mm, generally 4-toothed at tip, faintly 5-veined, awned below middle, awn 26 mm, straight to slightly bent
Ecology: Wet sites, meadows, streambanks, coastal marshes, forests, alpine
Elevation: < 3900 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, Transverse Ranges, Warner Mountains, n East of Sierra Nevada, White and Inyo Mountains
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, e N.America, S.America, Eurasia, New Zealand
Inflorescence narrow, compact; lower branches ascending to erect
Spikelets densely clustered on short, obscure branchlets
Ecology: Coastal marshes and meadows
Elevation: < 850 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Outer North Coast Ranges, Central Coast
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia
Horticultural information: IRR or WET, SUN: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; also STBL; tolerates saline water.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|