|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to bamboo-like; roots generally fibrous
Stem generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base
Inflorescence various (of generally many spikelets)
Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally ± transparent, ± enclosed by lemma
Flower generally bisexual, minute; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose
Fruit: achene-like grain
Genera in family: 650900 genera; ± 10,000 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1951 Manual grasses US, USDA Misc Publ 200; Clayton & Renvoise 1986 Kew Bull Add Series 13]
See Glossary p. 26 for illustrations of general family characteristics. Generally wind-pollinated.
Annual to perennial herb
Leaves basal and cauline; sheath closed, generally hairy; ligule generally < 5 mm, membranous, entire to fringed; blade flat to inrolled
Inflorescence generally panicle-like, open to dense; spikelet stalk generally stiff, rigid
Spikelet strongly compressed to cylindric; axis breaking above glumes and between florets; glumes unequal, generally < lower floret, lower generally 13-veined, upper 37-veined, back rounded to keeled, tip acute; lemmas faintly 59-veined, tip generally 2-toothed, short-pointed to straight-awned from between teeth; palea generally < lemma
Species in genus: ± 150 species: temp worldwide
Etymology: (Greek: ancient name)
Reference: [Stebbins 1947 Contr Gray Herb 165:4255; Wagnon 1952 Brittonia 7:415480]
Native species need careful study.
Annual 1770 cm
Leaf: sheath densely soft-hairy; blade 1.54.5 mm wide, scabrous to generally soft-hairy
Inflorescence 2.515 cm, open, nodding
Spikelet compressed, generally glabrous; glumes membranous, rounded, lower 4.66 mm, faintly 35-veined, upper 58 mm, faintly 59-veined; florets 715; lemma body 69.5 mm, rounded, faintly 57-veined, tip acute to obtuse, awn 01 mm
Ecology: Open places, ditches
Elevation: 14001700 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, ne US, Mexico; native to Eurasia
Often confused with Briza maxima.