Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



James P. Smith, Jr., except as specified

Annual to bamboo-like; roots generally fibrous
Stem generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base
Inflorescence various (of generally many spikelets)
Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1–many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally ± transparent, ± enclosed by lemma
Flower generally bisexual, minute; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose
Fruit: achene-like grain
Genera in family: 650–900 genera; ± 10,000 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1951 Manual grasses US, USDA Misc Publ 200; Clayton & Renvoise 1986 Kew Bull Add Series 13]
See Glossary p. 26 for illustrations of general family characteristics. Generally wind-pollinated.


Kelly W. Allred

Perennial, cespitose
Stem generally erect; nodes generally short-hairy
Leaves basal and cauline; ligule membranous; blade flat or folded
Inflorescence panicle-like, branching 1–several X ; branches spike-like, long-soft-hairy; axes grooved, breaking apart with age
Spikelets paired; lower sessile, bisexual; upper stalked, staminate or sterile; pair with subtending axis segment falling as 1 unit
Sessile spikelet: glumes > florets, membranous; florets 2, lower vestigial, obscure, upper fertile; lemma translucent, tip awned
Fruit oblong to fusiform
Species in genus: ± 35 species: worldwide, warm temp, tropical
Etymology: (Greek: pit, from pitted glumes of some species)
Reference: [Allred & Gould 1983 Syst Bot 8:168–184]
Cult for forage, revegetation.

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for BOTHRIOCHLOA being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Bothriochloa
Retrieve dichotomous key for Bothriochloa
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page

University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California