|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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Annual to bamboo-like; roots generally fibrous
Stem generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base
Inflorescence various (of generally many spikelets)
Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally ± transparent, ± enclosed by lemma
Flower generally bisexual, minute; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose
Fruit: achene-like grain
Genera in family: 650900 genera; ± 10,000 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1951 Manual grasses US, USDA Misc Publ 200; Clayton & Renvoise 1986 Kew Bull Add Series 13]
See Glossary p. 26 for illustrations of general family characteristics. Generally wind-pollinated.
Stem generally erect
Leaf: ligule membranous, sometimes long-ciliate, blade generally flat
Inflorescence panicle-like, generally narrow; branches generally ascending
Spikelet: glumes > floret (except awn), tapered below midpoint; axis breaking above glumes; floret 1, generally cylindric; callus blunt or sharp, hairs stiff; lemma stiffly membranous to hard, evenly hairy or glabrous above, awned from tip; awn > 10 mm, persistent, with 12 bends, or < 10 mm, readily deciduous, ± straight; palea < lemma, hairy, veined
Species in genus: ± 75 species: temp worldwide
Etymology: (Greek: awned scale, from lemma)
Segregated mostly from Stipa ; see also Hesperostipa, Nassella.
Stem 29 dm, hairy below nodes
Leaf: blade 13 mm wide, generally inrolled
Inflorescence 620 cm
Spikelet: glumes 814 mm; floret 5.58.5 mm; callus sharp; lemma ± 1.3 X palea length, tip hairs < 1.5 mm, > lower awn hairs; awn 2035 mm, bent twice, lower 2 segments hairy
Ecology: Sagebrush scrub, open woodlands
Elevation: < 3100 m.
Bioregional distribution: East of Sierra Nevada
Distribution outside California: Nevada
Synonyms: Stipa n. B.L. Johnson
Polyploid derivative of A. nelsonii and A. lettermanii
Horticultural information: DFCLT.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|