|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial, terrestrial in CA, some nongreen, generally from rhizomes
Leaves linear to ± round or scale-like, generally sessile
Inflorescence: generally raceme or spike, bracted
Flower bisexual, bilateral, sometimes spurred; sepals generally 3, generally petal-like, generally free, uppermost generally erect; petals 3, lowest different ("lip"); stamen generally 1, fused with style and stigma into column, pollen generally sticky, generally removed as sessile anther sacs; ovary inferior, generally twisted 180° (so lip appears to be lowest perianth segment), 1-chambered, placentas 3, parietal; stigmas 3, generally under column tip
Seeds very many, minute
Genera in family: ± 800 genera, ± 18,000 species: especially tropical (worldwide except deserts). Many cultivated for ornamental, especially Cattelya, Cymbidium, Epidendrum, Oncidium, Paphiopedalum; Vanilla planifolia fruits used as source of food flavoring
Reference: [Luer 1975 Orchids US and Can, NY Bot Garden; Coleman 1995 Wild Orchids of California, Cornell Univ.]
Nongreen plants derive nutrition through fungal intermediates.
Leaves cauline, 2, ± opposite, generally ovate to ± round
Inflorescence: raceme, ± open; flower bract < flower
Flower: sepals ± equal, green to purplish, lower spreading; lateral petals ± like sepals, ascending to erect; lip generally > sepals and petals, spreading to descending, generally wedge-shaped, flat, tip entire to deeply lobed; column ± subcylindric, straight to curved, anther at tip
Fruit generally spreading
Species in genus: ± 25 species: temp and arctic North America, Eurasia
Etymology: (Martin Lister, English naturalist, 16381711)
Plant 625 cmSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaf: blade 14 cm, base cordate
Inflorescence 2.54 cm
Flower: sepals 24 mm, oblong to narrowly elliptic; lip 810 mm, oblong below middle, with 2 short teeth at base, deeply 2-lobed above middle, lobes linear; column 0.51.5 mm
Ecology: Shady, mixed-evergreen or coniferous forest
Elevation: 1001300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, e N.America, Eurasia
Horticultural information: In cultivation.