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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Dieter H. Wilken and William F. Jennings

Perennial, terrestrial in CA, some nongreen, generally from rhizomes
Leaves linear to ± round or scale-like, generally sessile
Inflorescence: generally raceme or spike, bracted
Flower bisexual, bilateral, sometimes spurred; sepals generally 3, generally petal-like, generally free, uppermost generally erect; petals 3, lowest different ("lip"); stamen generally 1, fused with style and stigma into column, pollen generally sticky, generally removed as sessile anther sacs; ovary inferior, generally twisted 180° (so lip appears to be lowest perianth segment), 1-chambered, placentas 3, parietal; stigmas 3, generally under column tip
Fruit: capsule
Seeds very many, minute
Genera in family: ± 800 genera, ± 18,000 species: especially tropical (worldwide except deserts). Many cultivated for ornamental, especially Cattelya, Cymbidium, Epidendrum, Oncidium, Paphiopedalum; Vanilla planifolia fruits used as source of food flavoring
Reference: [Luer 1975 Orchids US and Can, NY Bot Garden; Coleman 1995 Wild Orchids of California, Cornell Univ.]
Nongreen plants derive nutrition through fungal intermediates.



Species in genus: 1 sp
Etymology: (Greek: Kalypso, sea nymph in Homer's Odyssey , from her beauty and secretive behavior)


C. bulbosa (L.) Oakes

Plant 7–18 cm; caudex corm-like, subspheric; rhizome 0
Stem ± scapose
Leaves: basal 1, petioled; blade 3–6.5 cm, elliptic to ovate; cauline 2–4, sheath-like
Inflorescence: flower generally 1; flower bract 1, pinkish to lavender
Flower: sepals free, 15–25 mm, generally pink; lateral petals sepal-like; lip ± pendent, pouch-like in lower 2/3, purplish outside, purple-striate inside, distal 1/3 ± concave, white to pink with white to yellow, hairy, ± red-spotted base; column 8–11 mm, widely ovate, hood-like, arched over pouch, generally pink
Fruit erect
Chromosomes: 2n=28
Ecology: Moist, generally shaded coniferous forest
Elevation: < 1800 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California (except Inner North Coast Ranges), sw San Francisco Bay Area
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, ne N.America, New Mexico, Eurasia
Synonyms: subsp. occidentalis (Holz.) Calder & Roy L. Taylor
Horticultural information: SHD, IRR acidic soil: 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 15, 16, 17; very DFCLT.

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