Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

LILIACEAE

LILY FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal, except as specified

Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food; some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.

VERATRUM

CORN LILY, FALSE HELLEBORE

Perennial, coarse, leafy; rhizome thick
Stem erect, 1–2 m, simple, hollow
Leaves many, alternate, lanceolate to widely ovate, generally acute, clasping, coarsely veined, reduced upward
Inflorescence: panicle; flowers many
Flower bisexual or staminate; perianth parts 6, petal-like, free, widely spreading, white or greenish to red-brown, nectary glands 1–2 near base; stamens 6, attached to perianth; ovary slightly inferior, chambers 3, styles 3, short, stigmas long
Fruit: capsule, septicidal
Species in genus: ± 25 species: n temp
Etymology: (Latin: dark roots)
Alkaloids used medicinally and TOXIC to both livestock and humans.

Native

V. insolitum Jeps.

SISKIYOU FALSE HELLEBORE


Leaves elliptic; lower 10–23 cm, hairy below and on sheaths
Inflorescence erect, generally 20–50 cm, grayish woolly; branches ascending; pedicels 6–15 mm
Flower 6–9 mm; perianth parts widely ovate, white to yellowish, hairy, outer irregularly ciliate, inner ± fringed, glands 2, elliptic, greenish; stamens ± = perianth; ovary woolly
Fruit 2–3 cm, oblong-ovoid, ± woolly
Seed 10–15 mm, widely winged
Chromosomes: n=16
Ecology: Openings in thickets and mixed-evergreen forest on red clay
Elevation: > 900 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges
Distribution outside California: to Washington
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for VERATRUM%20insolitum being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Veratrum insolitum
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