|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial, coarse, leafy; rhizome thick
Stem erect, 12 m, simple, hollow
Leaves many, alternate, lanceolate to widely ovate, generally acute, clasping, coarsely veined, reduced upward
Inflorescence: panicle; flowers many
Flower bisexual or staminate; perianth parts 6, petal-like, free, widely spreading, white or greenish to red-brown, nectary glands 12 near base; stamens 6, attached to perianth; ovary slightly inferior, chambers 3, styles 3, short, stigmas long
Fruit: capsule, septicidal
Species in genus: ± 25 species: n temp
Etymology: (Latin: dark roots)
Alkaloids used medicinally and TOXIC to both livestock and humans.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaves lanceolate; lower 2050 cm, glabrous or sparsely hairy
Inflorescence erect, generally 1550 cm, tomentose; branches spreading; pedicels 612 mm
Flower 610 mm; perianth parts diamond-shaped to ovate, white, glabrous, margins conspicuously fringed, glands 2, elliptic, yellow; stamens ± 1/2 perianth length; ovary glabrous
Fruit ± 8 mm, obovoid
Seed ± 6 mm, scarcely margined
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Wet meadows in coastal scrub
Elevation: < ± 100 m.
Bioregional distribution: c North Coast (Mendocino, Sonoma cos.)
Horticultural information: IRR or WET, SHD, DRN: 5, 15, 16, 17; DFCLT.