This page is based on the 1993 Jepson Manual.
Please see the Jepson eFlora for up-to-date information about California vascular plants.
|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL||
previous taxon |
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
Print edition is available from the University of California Press
|The second edition of The Jepson Manual (2012) is available from the University of California Press|
|See also the Jepson eFlora, which parallels the Second Edition|
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from spheric, tan, fibrous-coated corm; cormlets sessile
Leaves basal, 23, narrowly lanceolate, keeled, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower
Inflorescence umbel-like, open; axis 2100 cm, stiff, erect, cylindric; bracts ± lanceolate, ± scarious; pedicels ± erect, generally > perianth; flowers generally many
Flower: perianth tube generally funnel-shaped, lobes 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, generally ascending to spreading; stamens 6, filaments appendages generally 0, anthers attached at middle, generally angled away from stigma; style 1, stigma weakly 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, generally stalked, ovoid, loculicidal
Seeds subspheric, black
Species in genus: 14 species: w North America, especially n&c CA
Etymology: (Greek: three complete, because all flower parts in 3's)
Reference: [Hoover 1941 Amer Midl Naturalist 25:73100]
Leaf 2040 cm, 314 mm wide
Inflorescence 2080 cm, generally smooth (except base); pedicels 1070 mm (> 2 X flower), curved upward
Flower: perianth straw-colored or golden-yellow striped dark (or white flushed purple), tube 410 mm, lobes ascending to reflexed, 716 mm; stamens held close to pistil, filaments attached at 1 level, unequal (2.53 or 45 mm), flat, tip forked into wing-like appendages, anther 1.52 mm, generally yellow; ovary stalk < ovary
Ecology: Edges of coastal coniferous and mixed forests, often in sandy soils
Elevation: 03000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, s Cascade Range Foothills, Sierra Nevada, west-central Central Western California
Distribution outside California: sw Oregon
Synonyms: Brodiaea lutea (Lindl.) C.V. Morton
Inflorescence: axis downwardly scabrous
Flower: perianth generally straw-colored to pale yellow, tube 46 mm, lobes ascending to reflexed; filament appendages ± straight to recurved
Ecology: Scrub edges, mixed or coniferous forest, in clay and granite soils
Elevation: 1502200 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Cascade Range Foothills, Sierra Nevada Foothills
Synonyms: Brodiaea lutea var. s. (Greene) Munz
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY, SUN: 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|