|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial; rhizome short, thick, horizontal to erect
Stem erect, 1 or more per plant
Leaves 3 in a single whorl, subtending flower, ± ovate
Flower bisexual, 1 per stem, erect to nodding; sepals 3, free, persistent, greenish; petals 3, free, withering, white, pinkish, yellowish, or purple; stamens 6; ovary chambers 3, styles 3
Fruit: capsule, berry-like
Seeds many, ovoid
Species in genus: ± 3040 species: North America, Asia
Etymology: (Latin: three, from leaves)
Reference: [Freeman 1975 Brittonia 27:162]
Stem 17 dm
Leaf ± sessile, 420 cm, acute to acuminate
Flower erect to nodding; sepals 0.56 cm, 1.545 mm wide, lanceolate; petals 0.57 cm, 1.845 mm wide, linear to widely obovate, white, aging pink; stamens 1.715 mm
Ecology: Common. Redwood and mixed-evergreen forest on moist wooded slopes
Elevation: 102000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Central Western California
Distribution outside California: to w Canada, Colorado
Horticultural information: DRN, SHD: 14, 15, 16, 17; DFCLT.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem 13 dm
Flower ± nodding; sepals 525 mm, 1.55.3 mm wide, linear to linear-lanceolate; petals 523 mm, 1.85.5 mm wide, linear to linear-lanceolate
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Mixed-evergreen forest on moist wooded slopes
Elevation: 12002000 m.
Bioregional distribution: c Klamath Ranges (especially Marble Mtns, Siskiyou Co.).