|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial; rhizome creeping
Stem erect, scaly below, leafy above
Leaves alternate, > 5
Inflorescence: panicle or raceme, terminal
Flower small; perianth parts 6, petal-like, white; stamens 6, attached to perianth; ovary superior, chambers 3, style 1, stigma ± 3-lobed
Species in genus: ± 25 species: n temp
Etymology: (Greek: little smilax)
CA species sometimes considered part of Maianthemum.
Stem 3090 cm, glabrous to finely hairy above
Leaf 720 cm, ovate to oblong-elliptic, acute to acuminate, glabrous to finely hairy below, (sub)-sessile; bases ± clasping
Inflorescence: panicle, 512 cm; flowers > 20
Flower 12 mm; perianth parts ± erect, narrowly oblong; stamens > perianth
Fruit 57 mm, spheric, red, dotted purple
Ecology: Moist woodlands, streambanks, open woodlands
Elevation: < 2000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Western California, Transverse Ranges
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, e N.America
Synonyms: var. amplexicaulis (Nutt.) S. Watson; var. glabra J.F. Macbr
Horticultural information: DRN, almost DRY when dormant: 4 &SHD: 5, 6, 17 &IRR: 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.