Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Dale W. McNeal, except as specified

Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food; some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.



James C. Dice

Tree-like subshrubs, dioecious or some flowers bisexual
Stems thick and woody or ± underground
Leaves densely rosetted, 6–20 dm, stiff, sword-like; bases much expanded, white, fleshy
Inflorescence: panicle or raceme-like, scapose, bracted, < 4 m
Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, ± white, < 6 mm; stamens 6, filaments slender; ovary superior, 3-chambered, style and 3 stigmas short, ovules 2 per chamber
Fruit: capsule, papery
Seeds 1–3 per fruit, ovoid
Species in genus: ± 25 species: s US, Mex
Etymology: (P.C. Nolin, 18th century French agriculturist)
Reference: [Munz & Roos 1950 Aliso 2:217–238]


N. interrata Gentry


Stem branching underground, forming a platform of rosettes
Leaves 10–45 per rosette, 12–30 mm wide just above expanded base, generally glaucous; base 5–10 cm, 2–6 cm wide; margins minutely serrate
Inflorescence 5–16 dm; axis 5–16 mm diam at base; bracts generally inconspicuous and persistent
Seeds 4–6 mm, reddish brown
Ecology: Foothills on gabbro soils
Elevation: 200–700 m.
Bioregional distribution: sw Peninsular Ranges (sw San Diego Co.)
Distribution outside California: nw Baja California
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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