Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Dale W. McNeal, except as specified

Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food; some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.



Perennial; rhizome creeping
Stem erect, ± scapose, 10–70 cm, simple
Leaves mostly basal (astride rhizome), linear, grass-like, densely overlapping; upper reduced
Inflorescence: raceme; pedicels with bractlet near middle
Flower small; perianth parts 6, petal-like, free, greenish yellow; stamens 6, filaments woolly; ovary superior, chambers 3, style ± 0, stigma slightly 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, loculicidal
Seeds many, bristle-tailed on both ends, brown
Species in genus: 4 species: n temp
Etymology: (Greek: ancient name)


N. californicum Baker

Stem 20–60 cm
Leaf 10–30 cm
Inflorescence 8–15 cm; pedicels 5–12 mm
Flower 5–10 mm; perianth parts linear-lanceolate; anthers 3–4 mm
Fruit ± 2 X perianth, lanceolate
Seed 6–9 mm (including bristle-tails)
Chromosomes: 2n=26
Ecology: Wet meadows, streambanks
Elevation: 700–2600 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, n&c High Sierra Nevada
Horticultural information: IRR or WET, DRN: 1, 4, 5, 6 &SHD: 2, 7, 15, 16, 17; DFCLT.

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