Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Dale W. McNeal, except as specified

Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food; some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.



Perennial; bulb ovoid to ± spheric
Stem scapose, cylindric
Leaves 2–7, basal, linear
Inflorescence spike-like, unbracted; terminal flowers often sterile and modified
Flower: fertile flowers 2–12 mm, spheric to bell-shaped; perianth segments 6, petal-like, fused below, blue, purple, brownish, or yellow, lobes minute, often different color from tube; stamens attached to perianth, included; ovary superior, chambers 3, style 1, stigma head-like
Fruit: capsule, sharply angled or winged, loculicidal
Seeds 6, angled, black
Species in genus: 50 species: Eur, Medit, w Asia
Etymology: (Latin: from musky odor of some species)


M. botryoides (L.) Mill.

Stem: scape 5–30 cm
Leaves 2–3(4), 10–25 cm, linear, ± channeled, abruptly narrower at tip
Inflorescence dense, elongating in fruit; pedicels 2–4 mm
Flowers: fertile flowers nodding, 3–5 mm, spheric; perianth narrowed below lobes, blue, lobes white; upper sterile flowers few, smaller, paler
Fruit 4–6 mm, spheric
Chromosomes: 2n=18, 36,48,63
Ecology: Disturbed urban areas
Elevation: generally < 200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Central Coast (expected elsewhere)
Distribution outside California: native to s Europe

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bioregional map for MUSCARI%20botryoides being generated

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