|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs), generally not clonal, ± glabrous
Leaves ± whorled (often some scattered), sessile, generally ± elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0
Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 140+; bracts generally 2 per flower
Flower generally radial, generally bell- or trumpet-shaped; perianth segments 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, outer generally ± clawed, generally red-purple-spotted on inner base; stamens 6, anthers attached near middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, erect, generally ± smooth, loculicidal
Seeds many, flat, in 6 stacks
Species in genus: ± 90 species: n temp, tropical mtns of e Asia
Etymology: (Greek: lily)
Reference: [Skinner 1988 PhD Harvard Univ]
Variable; hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction and collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May to Aug.
Plant < 3 m, often glaucous; bulb ± horizontal to erect, ± ovoid, oblique, or ± rhizome-like, scales 02-segmented, longest 312 cm
Leaves in 19 whorls, horizontal to nearly clasping stem, 313 cm, generally oblanceolate; margin wavy or not
Inflorescence: flowers 126, nodding to ascending
Flower generally slightly bilateral, ± trumpet-shaped, strongly fragrant; perianth segments 612 cm, generally weakly recurved (outer < inner), strongly oblanceolate (inner wider), inner surface white or becoming deep pink, magenta spots minute; stamens < or > perianth, filaments ± parallel, anthers 815 mm, off-white or cream, pollen yellow or cream; pistil 211 cm
Fruit 2.56 cm
Ecology: Conifer forest, especially gaps, burned clearcuts
Elevation: 4002200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada
Distribution outside California: Oregon
Bulb ± horizontal or ascending; most scales unsegmented
Flower: perianth segments 812 cm, 2533% recurved, rarely becoming pink, generally white outside, with yellow midstripe in basal 50%; anthers off-white or cream, becoming pale pink or dirty yellow, pollen very pale yellow or cream
Fruit sometimes ribbed
Ecology: Coniferous forest
Elevation: 12002200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada
Synonyms: var. minus Purdy
Horticultural information: DRN, IRR, SHD: 1, 2, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17; DFCLT.