|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs), generally not clonal, ± glabrous
Leaves ± whorled (often some scattered), sessile, generally ± elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0
Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 140+; bracts generally 2 per flower
Flower generally radial, generally bell- or trumpet-shaped; perianth segments 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, outer generally ± clawed, generally red-purple-spotted on inner base; stamens 6, anthers attached near middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, erect, generally ± smooth, loculicidal
Seeds many, flat, in 6 stacks
Species in genus: ± 90 species: n temp, tropical mtns of e Asia
Etymology: (Greek: lily)
Reference: [Skinner 1988 PhD Harvard Univ]
Variable; hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction and collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May to Aug.
Plant < 2 m, often glaucous; bulb erect, ± ovoid, longest scales 49 cm, unsegmentedSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaves in 313 whorls, generally ± ascending, 313 cm, generally oblanceolate; margin generally wavy
Inflorescence: flowers 140, ascending to erect
Flower trumpet-shaped, fragrant; perianth segments 47 cm, generally weakly recurved, strongly oblanceolate (inner segments wider), inner surface white becoming pink-purple, magenta spots minute, outer surface often reddish or purplish; stamens = perianth, filaments ± parallel except distally, anthers 48 mm, pale yellow, pollen yellow; pistil 24 cm, ovary 12 cm
Fruit 24 cm, generally ribbed
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Dry soils in chaparral, gaps in conifer forest
Elevation: 301500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, San Francisco Bay Area.Has unique chromosomes for the genus
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY, part SHD: 7, 14, 15, 16, 17; DFCLT.