|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs), generally not clonal, ± glabrous
Leaves ± whorled (often some scattered), sessile, generally ± elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0
Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 140+; bracts generally 2 per flower
Flower generally radial, generally bell- or trumpet-shaped; perianth segments 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, outer generally ± clawed, generally red-purple-spotted on inner base; stamens 6, anthers attached near middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, erect, generally ± smooth, loculicidal
Seeds many, flat, in 6 stacks
Species in genus: ± 90 species: n temp, tropical mtns of e Asia
Etymology: (Greek: lily)
Reference: [Skinner 1988 PhD Harvard Univ]
Variable; hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction and collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May to Aug.
Plant < 3 m, ± clonal; bulb horizontal, rhizome-like, often branched, scales (0)24-segmented, longest 1033 mm
Leaves scattered or in 18 whorls, 427 cm, generally ± elliptic; margin generally not wavy
Inflorescence: flowers 135, pendent
Flower ± widely bell-shaped, generally not fragrant; perianth segments 311 cm, 6075% strongly recurved, generally ± 2-toned, inner surface generally pale orange to red on distal 2560%, lighter near base, maroon spots near tip margined yellow or orange; stamens >> perianth, filaments spreading ± widely, anthers 617 mm, ± magenta to orange or yellow, becoming darker, pollen red-brown to yellow, becoming lighter; pistil 38 cm
Fruit 26 cm
Ecology: Moist places, streambanks, along coast
Elevation: < 2000 m.
Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province
Distribution outside California: sw Oregon
Weakly clonal; bulb scales (0)2-segmentedSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Flower: perianth segments 57 cm, 2-toned, tips darker; anthers 611 mm, magenta, pollen red- or brown-orange; pistil 35 cm
Ecology: Marshes, valley-oak scrub
Elevation: 3560 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Outer North Coast Ranges (Pitkin Marsh, Sonoma Co.)
Synonyms: L. p. Beane & Vollmer
Barely distinct from subsp. pardalinum. Threatened by habitat loss, grazing, competition, collecting
Horticultural information: In cultivation.