|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs), generally not clonal, ± glabrous
Leaves ± whorled (often some scattered), sessile, generally ± elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0
Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 140+; bracts generally 2 per flower
Flower generally radial, generally bell- or trumpet-shaped; perianth segments 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, outer generally ± clawed, generally red-purple-spotted on inner base; stamens 6, anthers attached near middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, erect, generally ± smooth, loculicidal
Seeds many, flat, in 6 stacks
Species in genus: ± 90 species: n temp, tropical mtns of e Asia
Etymology: (Greek: lily)
Reference: [Skinner 1988 PhD Harvard Univ]
Variable; hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction and collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May to Aug.
Plant < 2.5 m; bulb horizontal, rhizome-like, unbranched, longest scales 12.5 cm, 12(3)-segmentedSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaves in 19 whorls (rarely scattered), 419 cm, sometimes ± linear; margin not wavy
Inflorescence: flowers 135, pendent
Flower ± widely bell-shaped, not fragrant; perianth segments 48 cm, 60% strongly recurved, ± oblanceolate or narrowly elliptic, ± 2-toned, inner surface red to maroon (rarely orange) on distal 5060%, base yellow to green, sometimes with an intervening band of orange or yellow, strongly green outside on basal 4050%; stamens >> perianth, filaments ± parallel, anthers 514 mm, dull red or magenta, pollen generally red-brown (± orange); pistil 35 cm
Fruit 25 cm
Ecology: Coastal scrub or prairie, gaps in coniferous forest
Elevation: < 100 m.
Bioregional distribution: n North Coast (Humboldt Bay, Humboldt Co.)
Distribution outside California: sw Oregon
Description is of CA plants. Central "green star" of ± all new flowers ages yellow or yellow-orange
Horticultural information: In cultivation.