|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs), generally not clonal, ± glabrous
Leaves ± whorled (often some scattered), sessile, generally ± elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0
Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 140+; bracts generally 2 per flower
Flower generally radial, generally bell- or trumpet-shaped; perianth segments 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, outer generally ± clawed, generally red-purple-spotted on inner base; stamens 6, anthers attached near middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, erect, generally ± smooth, loculicidal
Seeds many, flat, in 6 stacks
Species in genus: ± 90 species: n temp, tropical mtns of e Asia
Etymology: (Greek: lily)
Reference: [Skinner 1988 PhD Harvard Univ]
Variable; hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction and collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May to Aug.
Plant < 2.5 m, glaucous or not; bulb erect to ascending, oblique or ± ovoid, longest scales 37 cm, (0)23(45)-segmented
Leaves in 29 whorls, generally ascending, 1.516 cm, generally ± obovate; margin generally wavy
Inflorescence: flowers 118, pendent to nodding
Flower widely bell-shaped, not fragrant; perianth segments 37 cm, 50% strongly recurved, orange (often reddish outside); stamens > perianth, filaments spreading, anthers 613 mm, ± yellow, pollen orange or yellow; pistil 2.44 cm
Fruit 26 cm, 12 cm diam
Ecology: Dry scrub, coastal prairie, gaps and roadsides in conifer forest, especially along coast
Elevation: < 1300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia, Idaho
May intergrade with L. kelloggii near OR border.
Hybridizes with L. pardalinum subspp. vollmeri & wigginsii , often with L. occidentale in OR
Horticultural information: SHD, DRN, DRY Jul to Oct: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19; may be DFCLT.