|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial; bulb ovoid to ± elongate, outer coats black
Stem: 2590 cm, slender, ± scapose
Leaves basal, 1955 mm, 414 mm wide, grass-like, keeled, ± glaucous
Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, terminal, bracted; flowers 2070+
Flower: perianth segments 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free; stamens 6, epipetalous; ovary superior, chambers 3, style 1, stigma 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, short-stalked, loculicidal
Seeds ovoid, flat, black
Species in genus: 4 species: CA, OR
Etymology: (Namesake unknown)
Reference: [Sherman & Becking 1991 Madroño 38:130138]
Segregated from Schoenolirion of se US.
Bulb 2340 mm, 1421 mm wide
Stem 2852 cm
Leaf 1935 cm
Inflorescence open; branches generally 0(3)
Flower 56 mm; perianth parts 12 mm, linear, reflexed > 2/3 their length, greenish to yellowish, midvein greenish yellow to light purple; stamens ± equal, exserted
Fruit 58 mm, oblong
Chromosomes: n=26, 27?
Ecology: Well-drained, exposed serpentine
Elevation: 18002200 m.
Bioregional distribution: n&c Northwestern California
Distribution outside California: sw Oregon
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN, IRR: 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16.