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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

LILIACEAE

LILY FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal, except as specified

Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food; some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.

ERYTHRONIUM

FAWN LILY

Geraldine A. Allen

Perennial from elongate bulb of 1 fleshy scale, generally with small, bead-like segments of persistent rhizome
Leaves 2 (1 in non-flower plant), basal, 6–35 cm, lanceolate to ovate (solitary basal leaf wider), narrowed to petiole, glabrous; margin entire to wavy
Inflorescence: raceme; flowers 1–10; bracts 0
Flower showy, nodding; perianth segments 6, similar, free, ± lanceolate, ± strongly recurved; stamens 6; style 1, stigma entire to 3-lobed
Fruit ovoid to oblong
Seed ± ovoid, ± angular, brown
Chromosomes: n=12
Species in genus: ± 25 species: especially temp North America
Etymology: (Greek: red, from flowers of some)
Reference: [Applegate 1935 Madroño 3:58–113; Shevock et al. 1990 Madroño 37:261–273]
Attractive in woodland gardens. Pressed specimens fade, so leaf and flower markings should be recorded fresh.

Native

E. oregonum Applegate

Bulb 35–50 mm, narrowly ovoid
Leaf 10–22 cm, widely lanceolate to ovate, entire to ± wavy-margined, mottled with brown or white
Inflorescence: stalk 15–45 cm; flowers 1–3
Flower: perianth segments 30–45 mm, lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, white with yellow base, sometimes red-banded, inner with sac-like folds at base; stamens 12–22 mm, filaments 2–3 mm wide, white, anthers cream to yellow; style 12–18 mm, white, stigma lobes 4–6 mm, slender, recurved
Ecology: Openings in woodlands
Elevation: 100–500 m.
Bioregional distribution: Outer North Coast Ranges
Distribution outside California: s Oregon to British Columbia
Synonyms: subsp. leucandrum Applegate
CA populations are geographically separate, may be a white form of E. revolutum
Horticultural information: SHD, DRN, IRR or DRY: 4, 5, 6, 15, 16, 17; DFCLT.

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