|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from elongate bulb of 1 fleshy scale, generally with small, bead-like segments of persistent rhizome
Leaves 2 (1 in non-flower plant), basal, 635 cm, lanceolate to ovate (solitary basal leaf wider), narrowed to petiole, glabrous; margin entire to wavy
Inflorescence: raceme; flowers 110; bracts 0
Flower showy, nodding; perianth segments 6, similar, free, ± lanceolate, ± strongly recurved; stamens 6; style 1, stigma entire to 3-lobed
Fruit ovoid to oblong
Seed ± ovoid, ± angular, brown
Species in genus: ± 25 species: especially temp North America
Etymology: (Greek: red, from flowers of some)
Reference: [Applegate 1935 Madroño 3:58113; Shevock et al. 1990 Madroño 37:261273]
Attractive in woodland gardens. Pressed specimens fade, so leaf and flower markings should be recorded fresh.
Bulb 2050 mm, ovoid, producing bulblets from slender rhizomes
Leaf 415 cm, ± elliptic, entire to wavy-margined, mottled with brown or white
Inflorescence: stalk 820 cm, ± branched just above leaves; flowers 14
Flower: perianth segments 1635 mm, widely lanceolate to elliptic, ± white with yellow base; stamens 1015 mm, filaments slender, white, anthers white to cream; style 1013 mm, white, stigma lobes 14 mm, recurved
Ecology: Open woodlands, shrubby slopes
Elevation: 4001000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Cascade Range Foothills, n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills.May intergrade with E. californicum
Horticultural information: SHD, DRN, DRY or IRR: 3, 6, 7, 15, 16, 17; CVS.
|YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).|