|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from spheric, fibrous-coated corm; cormlets generally sessile
Leaves basal, 25, narrowly lanceolate, generally keeled, entire, glabrous, sometimes withered by flower
Inflorescence umbel- or raceme-like, generally dense (pedicels < flower); axis generally curved to twining, cylindric; bracts 24, ± papery
Flower: perianth tube cylindric to bell-shaped, lobes 6 in 2 petal-like whorls; staminodes generally 0 (stamen-like in 1 sp.); stamens 3 (6 in 1 sp.), filaments fused to perianth and into a crown-like tube, free filaments generally ± 0, anthers attached at base; style 1, stigma 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, generally not stalked, generally ovoid, 3-angled, loculicidal
Seeds sharply angled, black
Species in genus: 5 species: w US, especially n CA
Etymology: (Greek: toothed crown, from stamen appendages)
Reference: [Keator 1992 Four Seasons 9:2439]
Cormlets sessile and on stolons
Leaves 23, 1040 cm, barely keeled
Inflorescence head- or umbel-like, dense; axis < 65 cm; bracts widely lanceolate, whitish to dark purple; flowers 215
Flower: perianth blue, blue-purple, pink-purple, or white, tube 312 mm, narrowly cylindric to short-bell-shaped, lobes generally ascending, 712 mm; stamens 6, crown segments 46 mm, deeply notched, lanceolate, white, angled inward, slightly reflexed at tip, outer filaments wider at base, outer anthers 23 mm, inner free filaments ± 0, inner anthers 34 mm; ovary sessile, style 46 mm
Ecology: Open woodlands, scrub, desert, grassland
Elevation: 02300 m.
Bioregional distribution: California
Distribution outside California: to Oregon, Utah, New Mexico, n Mexico
Synonyms: Brodiaea pulchella (Salisb.) Greene; D. p. (Salisb.) A. Heller
Variable; subspp. intergrade.
Inflorescence: bracts whitish; pedicels 635 mm, > bracts; flowers 25
Flower: perianth lobes widely spreading
Ecology: Deserts, open scrub:
Elevation: 3002100 m.
Bioregional distribution: East of Sierra Nevada, Desert
Distribution outside California: to Utah, New Mexico, n Mexico
Synonyms: Brodiaea pulchella (Salisb.) Greene var. pauciflora (Torr.) C.V. Morton
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY, SUN: 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.