Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
For up-to-date information about California vascular plants, visit the Jepson eFlora.

LILIACEAE

LILY FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal, except as specified

Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food; some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.

CHLOROGALUM

SOAP PLANT, AMOLE

Judith A. Jernstedt

Perennial; bulb ovoid to ± elongate, outer coats white to brown, often very fibrous
Leaves basal, linear, reduced to scarious bracts in inflorescence
Inflorescence: panicle; flowers 1–several per node
Flower: perianth segments 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free, white, purple, or pinkish, persistent in fruit and twisted together above capsule; stamens 6, attached to bases of perianth parts, anthers attached at middle; ovary superior, chambers 3, style slender, stigma slightly 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, stalked, loculicidal
Seeds ovoid, black, 1–2 per chamber
Species in genus: 5 species: w North America, especially CA
Etymology: (Greek: green milk or juice)
Reference: [Hoover 1940 Madroño 5:137–147]

Native

C. purpureum Brandegee

Bulb 2.5–3 cm; scales white to brown, membranous
Leaves basal, 2–5 mm wide, linear, wavy
Inflorescence 10–40 cm; branches few; pedicels 4–10 mm, slender, generally > flowers
Flower open during day; perianth deep blue to purple, segments 5–7 mm, recurved; stamens ± = perianth, anthers 1 mm, yellow; style exserted, 5–6 mm
Fruit 3 mm
Ecology: Open woodland, sometimes on serpentine
Elevation: ± 300 or ± 600 m.
Bioregional distribution: e Outer South Coast Ranges.Varieties intergrade but apparently retain distinctions in a common garden, produce fertile seeds when artificially crossed.

Native

var. reductum Hoover

CAMATTA CANYON AMOLE


Inflorescence 10–20 cm
Ecology: Serpentine woodland
Elevation: ± 600 m.
Bioregional distribution: se Outer South Coast Ranges (ne La Panza Range, San Luis Obispo Co.)
Horticultural information: In cultivation.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for CHLOROGALUM%20purpureum%20var.%20reductum being generated
 
YOU CAN HELP US make sure that our distributional information is correct and current. If you know that a plant occurs in a wild, reproducing state in a Jepson bioregion NOT highlighted on the map, please contact us with that information. Please realize that we cannot incorporate range extensions without access to a voucher specimen, which should (ultimately) be deposited in an herbarium. You can send the pressed, dried collection (with complete locality information indicated) to us (e-mail us for details) or refer us to an accessioned herbarium specimen. Non-occurrence of a plant in an indicated area is difficult to document, but we will especially value your input on those types of possible errors (see automatic conversion of distribution data to maps).

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Chlorogalum purpureum var. reductum
Retrieve dichotomous key for Chlorogalum
Retrieve multiple-entry key (MEKA) for Chlorogalum
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
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