Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

LILIACEAE

LILY FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal, except as specified

Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food; some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.

CHLOROGALUM

SOAP PLANT, AMOLE

Judith A. Jernstedt

Perennial; bulb ovoid to ± elongate, outer coats white to brown, often very fibrous
Leaves basal, linear, reduced to scarious bracts in inflorescence
Inflorescence: panicle; flowers 1–several per node
Flower: perianth segments 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free, white, purple, or pinkish, persistent in fruit and twisted together above capsule; stamens 6, attached to bases of perianth parts, anthers attached at middle; ovary superior, chambers 3, style slender, stigma slightly 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, stalked, loculicidal
Seeds ovoid, black, 1–2 per chamber
Species in genus: 5 species: w North America, especially CA
Etymology: (Greek: green milk or juice)
Reference: [Hoover 1940 Madroño 5:137–147]

Native

C. grandiflorum Hoover

RED HILLS SOAPROOT

Bulb 5–7 cm; coats reddish to brown, membranous; outer bulb scales with few delicate fibers
Leaves basal, 4–12 mm wide, strongly wavy
Inflorescence 30–100 cm; branches ascending; pedicels 2–5 mm, << perianth, stout
Flower opening in evening, closing by next morning; perianth segments 15–30 mm, linear, white with purplish midvein, recurved at flower; stamens generally slightly < perianth, anthers 3 mm, yellow; style 12–28 mm, = or > perianth
Fruit 5–8 mm
Ecology: Serpentine outcrops, open shrubby or wooded hills
Elevation: 300–500 m.
Bioregional distribution: n Sierra Nevada Foothills (Placer, El Dorado cos.), c Sierra Nevada Foothills (Tuolumne Co.).Differs from C. pomeridianum var. minus by short, stout pedicels, larger flowers
Horticultural information: In cultivation.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for CHLOROGALUM%20grandiflorum being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Chlorogalum grandiflorum
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