|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial; bulb ovoid to ± elongate, outer coats white to brown, often very fibrous
Leaves basal, linear, reduced to scarious bracts in inflorescence
Inflorescence: panicle; flowers 1several per node
Flower: perianth segments 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free, white, purple, or pinkish, persistent in fruit and twisted together above capsule; stamens 6, attached to bases of perianth parts, anthers attached at middle; ovary superior, chambers 3, style slender, stigma slightly 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, stalked, loculicidal
Seeds ovoid, black, 12 per chamber
Species in genus: 5 species: w North America, especially CA
Etymology: (Greek: green milk or juice)
Reference: [Hoover 1940 Madroño 5:137147]
Bulb 57 cm; coats reddish to brown, membranous; outer bulb scales with few delicate fibersSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaves basal, 412 mm wide, strongly wavy
Inflorescence 30100 cm; branches ascending; pedicels 25 mm, << perianth, stout
Flower opening in evening, closing by next morning; perianth segments 1530 mm, linear, white with purplish midvein, recurved at flower; stamens generally slightly < perianth, anthers 3 mm, yellow; style 1228 mm, = or > perianth
Fruit 58 mm
Ecology: Serpentine outcrops, open shrubby or wooded hills
Elevation: 300500 m.
Bioregional distribution: n Sierra Nevada Foothills (Placer, El Dorado cos.), c Sierra Nevada Foothills (Tuolumne Co.).Differs from C. pomeridianum var. minus by short, stout pedicels, larger flowers
Horticultural information: In cultivation.