Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

LILIACEAE

LILY FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal, except as specified

Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food; some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.

CAMASSIA

CAMAS

Susan M. D'Alcamo

Perennial; bulbs solitary or clustered
Leaves basal, 15–60 cm, linear-lanceolate, glabrous
Inflorescence: raceme, scapose, 2–13 dm; flowers 3–many; bracts 1–6 cm, lanceolate, becoming scarious; pedicels 1–5 cm, spreading or incurved in fruit
Flower ± radial; perianth parts 6, petal-like, 15–40 mm, lanceolate, purplish blue to white, 3–9-veined, sometimes twisting over fruit; ovary superior, chambers 3, style 1, stigma lobes 3
Fruit: capsule, ± spheric to oblong, cross-ridged, loculidical
Seeds 3–many, ± shiny black
Species in genus: ± 4 species: North America
Etymology: (Native American name: camas or quamash)
Reference: [Gould 1942 Amer Midl Naturalist 28:712–742]
Spp. differentiated mostly by geog.

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