|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from subspheric, dark-brown-fibrous-coated corm with daughter corms
Leaves basal, generally 35, linear (generally crescent-shaped in X -section), entire, glabrous
Inflorescence umbel-like, scapose, open (pedicels > flowers); axis slender, straight, cylindric; bracts scarious
Flower erect; perianth outer surface shiny, tube narrowly bell- to funnel-shaped, lobes 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, inner wider; staminodes (0)3, generally much unlike stamens, often ± inrolled as seen from above; stamens 3, epipetalous, opposite inner perianth, ± = style, anthers attached at base; style 1, stigma with 3 decurrent wings
Fruit: capsule, sessile, ovoid, loculidical
Seeds black, lined
Species in genus: 13 species: coastal w US, especially n CA
Etymology: (Brodie, Scottish plantsman)
Reference: [Niehaus 1971 Univ Calif Publ Bot 60:166]
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Leaf 1, ± cylindric (grooved in X -section)
Inflorescence: axis 23 cm; pedicels 38 cm
Flower: perianth purple or violet, tube 912 mm, narrowly bell-shaped (opaque, not splitting in fruit), lobes widely spreading, 1218 mm, inner ± round, tips of inner lobes widely rounded; staminodes erect, held away from stamens, 37 mm, tip abruptly pointed; filaments 1.52 mm, free part triangular-winged, anthers 47 mm, with a wide notch between pollen chambers; ovary 69 mm, style 57 mm
Ecology: Grassland on clay flats
Elevation: ± 150200 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Channel Islands (San Clemente Island)
Horticultural information: In cultivation.