|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from subspheric, dark-brown-fibrous-coated corm with daughter corms
Leaves basal, generally 35, linear (generally crescent-shaped in X -section), entire, glabrous
Inflorescence umbel-like, scapose, open (pedicels > flowers); axis slender, straight, cylindric; bracts scarious
Flower erect; perianth outer surface shiny, tube narrowly bell- to funnel-shaped, lobes 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, inner wider; staminodes (0)3, generally much unlike stamens, often ± inrolled as seen from above; stamens 3, epipetalous, opposite inner perianth, ± = style, anthers attached at base; style 1, stigma with 3 decurrent wings
Fruit: capsule, sessile, ovoid, loculidical
Seeds black, lined
Species in genus: 13 species: coastal w US, especially n CA
Etymology: (Brodie, Scottish plantsman)
Reference: [Niehaus 1971 Univ Calif Publ Bot 60:166]
Inflorescence: axis 1050 cm, stout; pedicels 510 cm
Flower: perianth blue-purple to violet, tube 819 mm, funnel-shaped (opaque, not splitting in fruit), lobes ascending, 1530 mm, tips recurved; staminodes 69 mm, = stamens, erect, flat (or margin inrolled 1/4), acute or 3-lobed, white to pale lilac, standing away from stamens, tip erect or slightly recurved; filaments 46 mm, narrowly winged, anthers 410 mm, linear; ovary 915 mm, style 715 mm
Ecology: Grassland, meadows, open woodland
Elevation: 02200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, n&c North Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada, San Francisco Bay Area
Distribution outside California: sw Oregon
Flower: perianth tube 1317 mm, lobes 2230 mm; staminode margin inrolled 1/4, tip slightly recurved; anthers 68 mm; ovary 911 mm, style 1215 mm
Elevation: 0100 m.
Bioregional distribution: nw Klamath Ranges?
Distribution outside California: w Oregon
Documentation of occurrence in CA needed.