|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from subspheric, dark-brown-fibrous-coated corm with daughter corms
Leaves basal, generally 35, linear (generally crescent-shaped in X -section), entire, glabrous
Inflorescence umbel-like, scapose, open (pedicels > flowers); axis slender, straight, cylindric; bracts scarious
Flower erect; perianth outer surface shiny, tube narrowly bell- to funnel-shaped, lobes 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, inner wider; staminodes (0)3, generally much unlike stamens, often ± inrolled as seen from above; stamens 3, epipetalous, opposite inner perianth, ± = style, anthers attached at base; style 1, stigma with 3 decurrent wings
Fruit: capsule, sessile, ovoid, loculidical
Seeds black, lined
Species in genus: 13 species: coastal w US, especially n CA
Etymology: (Brodie, Scottish plantsman)
Reference: [Niehaus 1971 Univ Calif Publ Bot 60:166]
Inflorescence: axis 425 cm; pedicels 15 cm
Flower: perianth blue-violet, blue-purple, pink-purple, or rose, tube bell-shaped (opaque, not splitting in fruit), 613 cm, lobes ascending, 1225 mm, tips recurved; staminodes held close to stamens, 1011 mm, white or pink, margins inrolled 3/4; filaments 34 mm, free part ± triangular, anthers 57 mm; ovary 69 mm, style 611 mm
Ecology: Grassland, volcanic mesas
Elevation: 01600 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range, n&c Sierra Nevada
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia
Corm coat thinSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Inflorescence: axis 47 cm
Flower: perianth rose to pink-purple, tube 79 mm, lobes 1218 mm; staminodes white to pink; tips of pollen chambers rounded; ovary 68 mm, style 68 mm
Ecology: Grassland, often on serpentine
Elevation: ± 30100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Inner North Coast Ranges (Tehama, Glenn, Lake cos.)
Horticultural information: In cultivation.