|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial from subspheric, dark-brown-fibrous-coated corm with daughter corms
Leaves basal, generally 35, linear (generally crescent-shaped in X -section), entire, glabrous
Inflorescence umbel-like, scapose, open (pedicels > flowers); axis slender, straight, cylindric; bracts scarious
Flower erect; perianth outer surface shiny, tube narrowly bell- to funnel-shaped, lobes 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, inner wider; staminodes (0)3, generally much unlike stamens, often ± inrolled as seen from above; stamens 3, epipetalous, opposite inner perianth, ± = style, anthers attached at base; style 1, stigma with 3 decurrent wings
Fruit: capsule, sessile, ovoid, loculidical
Seeds black, lined
Species in genus: 13 species: coastal w US, especially n CA
Etymology: (Brodie, Scottish plantsman)
Reference: [Niehaus 1971 Univ Calif Publ Bot 60:166]
Corm coat coarsely fibrous
Inflorescence: axis 2070 cm, stout; pedicels 210 cm
Flower: perianth pale lilac (white), tube 912 mm, cylindric (translucent, splitting in fruit), lobes ascending, 2030 mm, 410 mm wide, tips recurved; staminodes 1627 mm, erect, linear, generally flat, white to pale lilac, margins inrolled 1/41/2; filaments 710 mm, wider at base, rarely with a forked appendage, anthers 912 mm, linear; ovary 511 mm, style 1523 mm
Ecology: Grassland, open woodland, chaparral, gravelly clay soils or serpentine
Elevation: 60900 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, n Sierra Nevada.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Flower: perianth lobes 47 mm wide; staminode margins inrolled 1/2; ovary 57 mm
Ecology: Uncommon. Open forest, chaparral, often on serpentine
Elevation: < 900 m.
Bioregional distribution: c Inner North Coast Ranges (Napa, Lake, Sonoma cos.)
Horticultural information: DRY, SUN or part SHD: 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.