Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

    THIS PAGE IS NO LONGER UPDATED
    AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

LILIACEAE

LILY FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal, except as specified

Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food; some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.

BRODIAEA

Glenn Keator

Perennial from subspheric, dark-brown-fibrous-coated corm with daughter corms
Leaves basal, generally 3–5, linear (generally crescent-shaped in X -section), entire, glabrous
Inflorescence umbel-like, scapose, open (pedicels > flowers); axis slender, straight, cylindric; bracts scarious
Flower erect; perianth outer surface shiny, tube narrowly bell- to funnel-shaped, lobes 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, inner wider; staminodes (0)3, generally much unlike stamens, often ± inrolled as seen from above; stamens 3, epipetalous, opposite inner perianth, ± = style, anthers attached at base; style 1, stigma with 3 decurrent wings
Fruit: capsule, sessile, ovoid, loculidical
Seeds black, lined
Species in genus: 13 species: coastal w US, especially n CA
Etymology: (Brodie, Scottish plantsman)
Reference: [Niehaus 1971 Univ Calif Publ Bot 60:1–66]

Native

B. californica Lindl.

Corm coat coarsely fibrous
Inflorescence: axis 20–70 cm, stout; pedicels 2–10 cm
Flower: perianth pale lilac (white), tube 9–12 mm, cylindric (translucent, splitting in fruit), lobes ascending, 20–30 mm, 4–10 mm wide, tips recurved; staminodes 16–27 mm, erect, linear, generally flat, white to pale lilac, margins inrolled 1/4–1/2; filaments 7–10 mm, wider at base, rarely with a forked appendage, anthers 9–12 mm, linear; ovary 5–11 mm, style 15–23 mm
Chromosomes: n=6,12
Ecology: Grassland, open woodland, chaparral, gravelly clay soils or serpentine
Elevation: 60–900 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast Ranges, n Sierra Nevada.

Native

var. leptandra (Greene) Hoover


Flower: perianth lobes 4–7 mm wide; staminode margins inrolled 1/2; ovary 5–7 mm
Chromosomes: n=6,12
Ecology: Uncommon. Open forest, chaparral, often on serpentine
Elevation: < 900 m.
Bioregional distribution: c Inner North Coast Ranges (Napa, Lake, Sonoma cos.)
Horticultural information: DRY, SUN or part SHD: 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for BRODIAEA%20californica%20var.%20leptandra being generated
 


Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Brodiaea californica var. leptandra
Retrieve dichotomous key for Brodiaea
Retrieve multiple-entry key (MEKA) for Brodiaea
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page
Glossary


University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California