Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

LILIACEAE

LILY FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal, except as specified

Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food; some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.

BLOOMERIA

GOLDENSTAR

Glenn Keator

Perennial from subspheric, fibrous-coated corm with daughter corms
Leaves basal, 1–2, linear-lanceolate, keeled, margin entire, withered in flower
Inflorescence umbel-like, stiff, straight, cylindric; bracts 2–4, scarious in flower; pedicels long, ray-like, erect; flowers 10–35+
Flower: perianth segments 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, barely fused at base, golden-yellow, striped brownish, lobes widely spreading; stamens 6, filaments ± 6 mm, thread-like, with cup-like, winged, basal appendage 3 mm, anthers attached near middle; style 5 mm, thread- or club-like, persistent, stigma 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, 5–6 mm, subspheric, 3-angled, sessile, loculicidal
Seeds angled, black; coat wrinkled
Species in genus: 2 species: c&s CA, n Baja CA
Etymology: (H.G. Bloomer, early San Francisco botanist)
Reference: [Hoover 1955 Herbertia 11:13–23]

Native

B. crocea (Torr.) Coville

COMMON GOLDENSTAR


Leaf generally 1, < 30 cm
Inflorescence 15–60 cm; pedicels 2–6 cm
Flower: perianth lobes abruptly spreading, 8–12 mm
Chromosomes: n=9
Ecology: Grassland, open woodlands, chaparral edges
Elevation: < 1700 m.
Bioregional distribution: South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: n Baja California
Synonyms: vars. aurea (Kellogg) J.W. Ingram and montana (Greene) J.W. Ingram
Horticultural information: In cultivation.

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