Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

 
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

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  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

LILIACEAE

LILY FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal, except as specified

Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food; some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.

ASPARAGUS

Perennial, ± dioecious; rhizome generally with fleshy tubers
Stem erect to ± climbing, much-branched; branchlets flat or thread-like, functioning as leaves
Leaves scale-like, papery, generally with a spiny spur at base
Inflorescence: raceme or umbel; pedicels slender, jointed
Flower small, white to greenish yellow; perianth segments 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or ± fused; stamens 6, epipetalous, ± = perianth; ovary superior, chambers 3, style 1, short, slender, stigmas 3
Fruit: berry, spheric
Seeds 1–6, black
Species in genus: ± 300 species: especially n temp
Etymology: (Greek: ancient name)

Introduced

A. officinalis L. subsp. officinalis

Rhizome thick, matted, tubers 0
Stem 1–3 m, erect; branchlets thread-like; young stems simple, stout, edible
Inflorescence: pedicels 1–2 cm, thread-like, jointed near middle
Flower 3–7 mm, drooping, bell-shaped, greenish white
Fruit 6–8 mm, red
Chromosomes: n=10
Ecology: Disturbed places, roadsides, fields
Elevation: generally < 200 m.
Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province, White and Inyo Mountains
Distribution outside California: native to Europe
Cult for food. Naturalized populations scattered.

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bioregional map for ASPARAGUS%20officinalis%20subsp.%20officinalis being generated
 
N.B. The distribution depicted here differs from that given in The Jepson Manual (1993)

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