Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Dale W. McNeal, except as specified

Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food; some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.


Reid Moran

Perennial, sometimes tree; sap bitter
Stem branched or not
Leaves: basal > cauline, fleshy; base clasping, margin generally horny-toothed
Inflorescence: panicle, generally axillary; branches 1–many, raceme-like
Flower tubular, odorless, colorful; perianth parts in 2 sets of 3, ± fused; stamens 6, unequal; ovary chambers 3
Fruit: capsule, loculicidal; valves 3
Seeds many, flat or angled
Species in genus: ± 250 species: Medit Eur, s Asia, especially Africa
Etymology: (Greek: ancient name)
Reference: [Reynolds 1950 Aloës of S Africa, Cape Times Ltd]


A. saponaria (Aiton) Haw. X A. striata Haw.

Stem decumbent, < 4 dm, covered with dead leaves; basal leaf rosettes 3–5 dm wide, loosely clustered
Leaves: basal 15–30, 2–2.5 dm, triangular-ovate, white-spotted, tip withering, marginal teeth 1–2 mm
Inflorescence 4–9 dm; racemes 5–10, dense
Flower 25–32 mm, red
Fruit 2–3 cm, oblong
Seed 5 mm, 3-winged
Ecology: Coastal-sage scrub
Elevation: < 100 m
Bioregional distribution: s South Coast (La Jolla, San Diego Co.);
Distribution outside California: native to s Africa
Apparently sterile but spreading vegetatively.

Recent taxonomic note: Aloe X schoenlandii Baker

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bioregional map for ALOE%20saponaria (Aiton) Haw. &mathx; A. striata Haw. being generated

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