|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food;
some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.
Perennial with onion odor, taste; bulb solitary or on rhizomes, reforming each year, divides at base into daughter bulbs, outer bulb coats generally brown or gray, cell sculpture generally important to identification, inner bulb coats generally white
Stem scapose, cylindric or flat
Leaves basal, 15, linear, cylindric, channeled, or flat, generally withering from tip before flower
Inflorescence: umbel; bracts generally 24, conspicuous, ± fused, scarious
Flower: perianth segments 6, in 2 petal-like whorls; stamens 6, epipetalous, filaments wide at base, fused into a ring; ovary superior, sometimes with 3 or 6 crests, chambers 3, ovules generally 2 per chamber, style 1, stigma entire or 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, loculicidal
Seed obovoid, black, sculpture net-like, smooth, or granular
Species in genus: 500 species: worldwide, especially CA
Etymology: (Latin: garlic)
Bulb 815 mm, ovoid to ± spheric; outer coat brown to gray, sculpture laterally elongate, V-shaped, herringbone-like
Stem 1245 cm
Leaves 23, 0.71.5 X stem, channeled to ± cylindric
Inflorescence: flowers generally 535; pedicels 14 cm
Flower 815 mm; perianth parts erect (tips ± recurved), lanceolate to elliptic, entire or inner minutely dentate, red-purple; ovary crests 3, minute, 2-lobed, central
Ecology: Common. Dry slopes and flats
Elevation: < 1100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Sierra Nevada Foothills, Tehachapi Mountain Area, Sacramento Valley, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges, Southwestern California
Distribution outside California: s Oregon, n Baja California
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Inflorescence: pedicels 820 mm
Flower 812 mm; stigma barely thickened
Ecology: Uncommon. Dry hillsides
Elevation: < 300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area.